Ancient Egyptian phrases about war.


Ancient Egyptians fighting the Yksos

Here are some phrases using the words related to war in Ancient Egyptian:

1. "ḫꜥj-ḫꜥt" (khaj-khat) - "warfare"

- "ḫꜥj-ḫꜥt ḫrj rwty" (khaj-khat kherj rowety) - "Warfare against foreign enemies"

- "ḫꜥj-ḫꜥt n nb" (khaj-khat en neb) - "Warfare led by the king"

2. "nḫt" (nekh-t) - "battle"

- "nḫt n nb" (nekh-t en neb) - "The battle of the king"

- "nḫt rwty" (nekh-t rowety) - "Battle against enemies"

3. "tpy" (t-p-y) - "to fight"

- "tpy n rwty" (t-p-y en rowety) - "Fighting against enemies"

- "tpy n nb" (t-p-y en neb) - "Fighting for the king"

4. "ḫr" (kher) - "to destroy"

- "ḫr rwty" (kher rowety) - "Destruction of enemies"

- "ḫr nb" (kher neb) - "Destruction of the enemy's power"

5. "nḥm" (nekh-em) - "to smite"

- "nḥm ḫrj" (nekh-em kherj) - "Smiting the enemy"

- "nḥm n nb" (nekh-em en neb) - "Smiting for the king"

6. "ḫꜥ" (kha) - "army"

- "ḫꜥ nb" (kha neb) - "The king's army"

- "ḫꜥ n rwty" (kha en rowety) - "The army of the enemies"

7. "ḥꜣt" (hat) - "soldier"

- "ḥꜣt nb" (hat neb) - "The king's soldiers"

- "ḥꜣt rwty" (hat rowety) - "The soldiers of the enemies"

8. "nb" (neb) - "lord, ruler"

- "nb n nb" (neb en neb) - "The king of kings"

- "nb tpy" (neb t-p-y) - "The ruler who fought"

9. "nṯr" (neter) - "god, divine"

- "nṯr nb" (neter neb) - "The divine king"

- "nṯr n rwty" (neter en rowety) - "The divine enemy"

10. "ḫrj" (kherj) - "enemy"

- "ḫrj nb" (kherj neb) - "The king's enemy"

- "ḫrj n rwty" (kherj en rowety

The Hyksos were a group of people who migrated into ancient Egypt from the eastern Mediterranean region around the 17th century BCE. They were likely a mixed group of people, including Semitic-speaking individuals from Western Asia and Hurrian and Kassite people from the area of modern-day Iran.

The Hyksos established their capital at Avaris, in the eastern delta region of Egypt, and began to exert their influence over the northern part of the country. They introduced new military technology, such as the chariot, and they also introduced new cultural and religious practices.

The Hyksos ruled Egypt for about 100 years, during a period known as the Second Intermediate Period. However, they faced increasing resistance from the native Egyptians, who eventually rallied under the leadership of a series of pharaohs from the Theban region in southern Egypt.

The most famous of these pharaohs was Ahmose I, who is credited with launching the successful campaign to expel the Hyksos from Egypt. Ahmose I was able to unite the various factions within Egypt and build a powerful army that was able to defeat the Hyksos in a series of battles. The final battle took place at the city of Avaris, which was the Hyksos capital, and the Egyptians were able to breach the city walls and capture the city.

With the defeat of the Hyksos, Egypt entered the New Kingdom period, which was marked by a renewed sense of national pride and a period of great prosperity and cultural achievement.

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